FORMALIZING ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING IN GHANA: THE SEARCH FOR A WORKABLE PATHWAY
Keywords:Formalization, artisanal, small-scale mining, decentralization., participation
Purpose –– This paper examines the process to find an alternative pathway(s) that minimizes the environmental damage and health risks of Artisanal and Small-scale Mining (ASGM), while enhancing its socioeconomic benefits for the country as a whole.
Methods –– The study relied mainly on secondary data sources in journals, books, legislation and laws as well as policy documents, and the media reportage.
Findings –– Findings from the study show the need for a tripartite arrangement comprising of a reformed legal and institutional regime underpinning ASGM; a decentralized framework that hinges on community ownership of concessions and operations, supported by government; and active involvement of local assemblies, chiefs and the local people to monitor operations together with state agencies.
Conclusion/Recommendation –– The study envisages that benefits of formalizing the industry would be achieved with active local participation and strict supervision of mining operations by both national and local actors. This will bring sanity to the industry and minimize the knee-jerk reactions always used to address the challenges of the sub-sector. It is concluded that, the country stands to gain in both short- and long-terms if the formalization process is done in an inclusive manner.
Keywords –– Formalization, artisanal and small-scale mining, decentralization, participation