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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.

Author Guidelines

Article Types

Articles to be submitted by authors include:

Original Research Article: Articles in this category usually present results of original research undertaken by the author. Typically these articles average 12-20 double-spaced pages with up to 5 tables and/or figures, and 15-25 references with one paragraph abstract of not more than 250 words.

Brief reports: This should be limited to 1000 words or less and may include two illustrations or tables and a maximum of 10 references with an abstract of 50 to 75 words.

Commentary: Opinions, philosophy, or comments on issues related to the journal’s scope should be submitted through the editorial system for review. They should be brief (1-2 double spaced pages) and referenced whenever appropriate but should not include abstract.

Correspondence: Letters pertaining to articles published in the Journal or concerned with issues of current interest to readers should be submitted through the online editorial system. Such write-ups should be 2-3 double-spaced pages. They may be subjected to review and/or responses by authors of the related papers.

Reviews: Comprehensive or systematic reviews and meta-analyses of topics related to the aims, and scope of the journal.

Short Communications: Short communications may be subjected to editing for clarity or length and peer review at the editors' discretion. Short reports of research work will be peer reviewed. A Short communication generally may take one of the following forms:

  • A substantial re-analysis of a previously published article in JESD or in another journal.
  • An article that may not qualify for 'standard research' but that is of general interest to the broad readership of JESD
  • A brief report of research findings related to the journal's scope and of particular interest to the community.

Technical Notes: Technical notes are articles that describe a new methodology, hypothesis, products, or to present results from new techniques or equipment of interest to JESD. The novelty, relevance and applicability to the field must be explained and demonstrated using an example. A technical note should in any case be between 2000 - 3,000 words, with no more than 5 figures and tables, no references, and an abstracts not more than 200 words.


Manuscript Preparation

Manuscript submission declaration and verification: Submission of an article implies that the work described is original work and has not been published previously or under consideration for publication by another journal.

Manuscript structure:

Title page (showing following sub sections)

  • Title (should be concise, clear, and informative)
  • List of authors and affiliations (clearly indicate the full given name(s) and family name(s) of each contributing author and ensure that all names are accurately spelled)
  • Contributing author (designate one author as the corresponding author who will handle all correspondence at all stages of the publication and post-publication. Provide the contact details of the corresponding author, i.e., email and full mailing address)
  • Keywords (maximum of 6 keywords).
  • Abbreviations (define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote of the first page). Abbreviations must be consistent throughout the manuscript.
  • Highlights (mandatory). Provide on the 2nd page, 4 short collection of bullet points (maximum 80 characters) that capture the key results from your work, as well as any new methods that were used during the research.
  • Abstract (maximum of 250 words). On page 3, provide a concise and factual abstract that briefly states the purpose of the research, the key results obtained, and major conclusions and possible recommendation.
  • Graphical abstract: (optional). Provide a summary of the contents of the manuscript in a concise, pictorial form that can capture the attention of a wide readership online. Images that clearly represent the work described in the article must be provided.
  • Main Body of the Manuscript(exclusive of Tables, Figures, Figure Legends, and List of References): up to 6000 words. The Body should comprise of the following subsections:

Introduction:provide brief background information, avoiding an extensive literature survey or a summary of the results. State the rational and objectives of the study.

Material and methods: Provide sufficient details of the methods used to allow the work to be repeated by other researchers. Already published methods should be summarized and accurately referenced. Describe any modifications to existing methods in detail.

Results and Discussion: these may be combined in a single section, or presented in separate sections, whichever style helps to communicate the results most eloquently and without repetitions. The data must be discussed completely but concisely, and must compare results with work previously reported, and propose explanations for the results obtained. The data must include appropriate statistical analyses, complete information on sampling, and replication. Tables and Figures must be embedded at appropriate places in the text. Table and Figure legends/titles must be straightforward and provide details which deepen the message of the Table or Figure.

Conclusions: The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section with recommendation.

Acknowledgment(s): Include essential credits such as funding source.

References: A maximum of about 25 directly relevant articles that illustrate the most significant recent advances in the field. Follow the APA style of referencing (6th Edition).

  • Book: Bandu, A. (2015). Adherence to Covid-19 protocol.Kumasi, Australia: Allen & Unwin
  • Book Chapter: Amfo-Otu, R., Tuffour, M., Oduro, C.A., & Akolaa, R.A. (2020). Explaining the complexities and value of nursing practice and knowledge. In E.D. Wiafe & A. Amoah (Eds.), Knowledge as value: Illumination through critical prisms (pp. 209-224). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Rodopi.
  • Journal Article: Cheung, J. M. Y., Bartlett, D. J., Armour, C. L., Laba, T. L., & Saini, B. (2018). To drug or not to drug: A qualitative study of patients’ decision-making processes for managing insomnia. Behavioral Sleep Medicine16(1), 1-26. doi:10.1080/15402002.2016.1163702

Formatting, Fonts and Symbols: Authors should use common and standard symbols where possible, Times New Roman as the standard fonts of size 12 point. Avoid using fonts such as symbol, wingdings or webdings, adding symbols as pictures. All abbreviations should be first written in full before using them in subsequent paragraphs and/or pages. All pages must be numbered consecutively in the bottom-centre.

  • Units: Authors are required to use the International System of Units (S.L., Systẻ me Internationale d’Unitẻs) for exact measures of physical quantities.
  • Scientific names: The complete scientific name (genus, species, authority and cultivar, if appropriate) should be cited for every organism when first mentioned.  Subsequently, the generic name may be abbreviated to initials except where intervening references to other general would cause confusion.  Common names of organisms, if used should be accompanied by the correct scientific name on the first mention.  Latin names should be italicised.
  • Abbreviations: Chemical symbols may be used in the text, together with the widely accepted abbreviations of longer chemical terms.  Other abbreviations may also be used but the full term should be given on the first mention.


Manuscript Submission

  • An electronic copy of the manuscript should be submitted using Microsoft word version that is convertible, in English (UK or US but not mixed), in double line spacing with at least 2.5 cm margins.
  • Authors shall submit details (Name and email address) of at least two experts as reviewers for the consideration of the editor.
  • Submission letter, author(s) details, Manuscript without author (s) details for blind review, signed copyright form and conflict of interest statement).
  • Kindly send your manuscript to jesd@uesd.ed


Ethical Guidelines for Journal Publication

Author's Responsibilities

The author should not:

  • submit manuscripts being reviewed by another journal to the JESD.
  • submit any paper previously published elsewhere to the journal for consideration.

The author(s) should:

  • be honest in gathering and interpreting research data. Publishers, editors, reviewers, and readers are entitled to request the author to provide the raw data for his or her research for convenience of editorial review and public access. If practicable, the author should retain such data for any possible use after publication.
  • guarantee that the works submitted for consideration are original.
  • appropriately cite all works and/or words used by others
  • adhere to ethical practices of research and avoid plagiarism in all its forms which constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
  • acknowledge all those who have made contributions to the research paper.
  • inform the journal editor of any obvious error(s) detected their published paper immediately and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct it.


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